Casa Batlló is a modernist style building in Barcelona. It was designed by the famous architect Antoni Gaudi. The unique house is located on the Passeig de Gracia road, at the center of Barcelona. A popular landmark in the city, see its unique architecture and the masterpiece of Gaudi. Casa Batlló is a UNESCO World Heritage site. More than 1 million tourists come here every year.
Casa Batlló was originally built in 1877. It was purchased in 1903 by a textile merchant Josep Batlló, who hired Gaudi to redo the house. Josep suggested complete demolition to rebuild the house, but Gaudi kept the existing structure. After completion, Senor Batlló lived on the first two floors with his family and rented out the upper floors.
There are almost no straight lines inside Casa Batlló. Gaudi redid the entire façade of the building, changed the partitioning, and improved the flow of air and light inside. The building design is marine-inspired.
“Casa Batlló is also called ‘casa dels ossos’ or the house of bones. This is because the balconies of the front façade look like skulls, and the pillars supporting them look like bones.”
Casa Batlló – Quick Facts
|Casa Batlló||Former apartment block, which is now turned into a museum. One of the most important works of Antoni Gaudi in Barcelona.|
|Location||At the center of Barcelona, close to the port area.|
|Address||Passeig de Gràcia, 43, 08007 Barcelona.|
|How to Reach||Passeig de Gracia metro station|
Bus lines: H10, V15, 7, 22 and 24
|Open Times||Open daily from 9 AM to 9 PM|
|Main Attractions||The facade, interiors, terrace, courtyard, museum, ceramic and glasswork, balconies, chimneys.|
The façade of Casa Batlló is most important. It shows the imagination of Gaudi. It is made in a combination of colored glass, bright ceramics, and stones, but it looks like it is made of bones and skulls. You will get different visual effects, depending on the time of the day because of the glass and ceramics. There are undulating shapes. You are likely to see the huge windows on the second floor first. The main section of the house is behind these windows. This is where the Batlló family once lived. The balconies are painted ivory and made of cast iron. There are 9 balconies.
The upper part of the façade looks like an animal, a dragon to some. The scales are made of green, blue, and red glass. There is a tower on the left.
There are three entrances and an oak staircase with carved elements that look like the vertebrae of prehistoric animals. The first floor has raised ceiling, which reminds us of the marine atmosphere. There is a big chandelier, symbolizing the sun.
At the center there is a courtyard, which is called ‘Patio de Luces’. This provides ventilation and light. White and blue ceramics cover this entirely. This part looks like an underwater cave.
Top 7 Interesting Facts About Casa Batlló
1. The colors in the exterior are those of corals in the sea. It is a typically Gaudi style of decoration.
2. The windows on the façade are somewhat oval in shape. The balconies look like masks, bats, or skulls. The pillars supporting the balconies resemble bones.
3. Skylights resemble the shell of a tortoise.
4. The main rooms have a wavy design. There are large windows overlooking the road providing light.
5. The stairway railing looks like an animal’s spine.
6. There is a well in the center of the building covered entirely in blue tiles. This is one of the most photographed areas.
7. The loft makes you feel you are inside the rib cage of an animal.
Go up the winding staircase to reach the roof. Gaudí designed service rooms in the attic, like the laundry room and the room for drying clothes. There are 27 chimneys here organized into sets. The chimneys look like mushrooms. The fireplace has blue hues, once again reminding us of the water theme.